Background of the community
Lyantonde is located in southern central Uganda. In 2002 national population census, the population of Lyantonde District was estimated at about 66,000 with an annual population growth rate of 1.9%. It is estimated that in 2010, the population of Lyantonde District was approximately 76,700. The local economy is primarily agricultural. Subsistence cultivation is the principal means of livelihood for over 70% of Lyantonde’s population. Food insecurity is a major periodical threat. Every three years, the area experiences prolonged dry spell resulting into famine, which exacerbates the AIDS problem.
Poverty is endemic in Lyantonde district; over 82% of the households are estimated to survive below the Uganda’s subsistence level of Ugshs.5000 (USD $3.00) per week. The community has to strive hard to find a source of livelihood and survival. With lack of adequate income, it is increasingly harder for vulnerable households to access descent shelter, food, medical care and other basic necessities of life. Many of the problems associated with poverty, such as food insecurity, ill health and poor nutrition have been exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Most poverty stricken households in Uganda don’t have access to good and safe housing facilities. According to the 2002 Uganda Population and Housing Census, twenty percent (20%) of households in Uganda had only one set of clothing for each member. Surveys carried out in Lyantonde District indicate that over 85% of orphans and other vulnerable groups lack good shelter because of high poverty levels. This challenge is worsened by HIV/AIDS scourge which has led to many orphan’s households and increase in the number of Child Headed Households. This projects will address shelter , water and sanitation challenges faced by orphans and vulnerable children that have been established deter them from living in pleasant conditions. 10 two-roomed permanent houses will be constructed for identified most vulnerable people in the community.
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ICOD Action Network – Uganda: Blog